What Is Cyber Security?
Cybersecurity is the study of how an individual or group act to secure digital information in order to prevent others from acquiring such information. Much of this information can be found on the deep web, where plenty of malicious hackers work. For the individual, this can mean things such as:
- Hijack your usernames and passwords
- Steal your money and open credit card and bank accounts in your name
- Ruin your credit
- Request new account Personal Identification Numbers (PINs) or additional credit cards
- Make purchases
- Add themselves or an alias that they control as an authorized user so it’s easier to use your credit
- Obtain cash advances
- Use and abuse your Social Security number
- Sell your information to other parties who will use it for illicit or illegal purposes
For governments around the world, hackers threaten things such as the outcome of votes, the economy as a whole, and the lives of regular citizens. Despite how dangerous it may sound, however, the US government has done well to protect itself against cyber attacks.
A significant amount of cyber attacks occur in the United States. Our country is easily the most commonly attacked, experiencing about (number) cyber attacks per month. Of course, there are some cyber attacks and events that really stick out more than others in history, and demonstrate just how dangerous hackers and cyber crime can be.
In 2016, a particular attack left 3 billion Yahoo accounts compromised, making it one of the biggest breaches of all time. Another, unrelated attack, two yeard prior in 2014 affected 500 million Yahoo accounts.
In 2016, it was reported that hackers stole the information of more than 57 million riders and drivers. This included the names and driver’s license numbers of around 600,000 drivers as well as general personal information.
- Friend Finder
In 2017, an adult website called FriendFinder had 412 million user accounts stolen.
- Epic Games
In August 2016, the Epic Games forum suffered a data breach, allegedly due to a SQL injection vulnerability in vBulletin. The attack resulted in the exposure of 252k accounts including usernames, email addresses and salted MD5 hashes of passwords.