Cyber Security
Presentation by Carley, David, and Qusay

Obama Administration

Former president Barack Obama made the declaration that cyber security was of the utmost importance since the beginning of his presidency.

In february of 2009, Barack Obama announces his "Cyberspace Policy Revew", which was designed to result in a coordinated cyber security plan.

In June 2009, what had been a provisional US Cyber Command since 2006 became permanent. There is general agreement among experts that the US has "the most powerful cyber arsenal in the world."

In response to a 2013 Executive Order from Obama, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued a "Cybersecurity Framework" in February 2014 – a document that set standards for both the private and public sector, and that has undergone various updates.

In June 2015, the administration released M-15-13, a “Policy to Require Secure Connections across Federal Websites and Web Services,” which set a deadline of Dec. 31, 2016 for all agencies to use encrypted HTTPS websites and web services.

In September 2015, Obama reached what was described as “a common understanding” with Chinese President Xi Jinping to halt economic espionage. While that has not eliminated the problem, it has reportedly reduced it.

In December 2015 Obama signed the Cyber Information Sharing Act (CISA), designed to improve the sharing of threat information between government and the private sector.

Trump Administration

In Trump's National Cyber Security Strategy, his top priorities are as follows:
  • Strengthen federal contractors so that sensitive govenrment documents are kept safe and secure
  • Maintain security in maritime trade, as lost or delayed shipments can hurt the economy
  • Improve the sharing of threat intelligence among govenrment officials in order to protect our elections
  • Improve the legal abilities of law enforcement to protect against transnational criminal organizations
  • Due to the borderless nature of cybercrime, Trump wants to help strengthen other countries against these attacks as well
    • Trump's plan is highly offensive rather than defensive, which ends rules Obama set in place to restric offensive activity when maintaining cyber security.

Title: National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium Act of 2019

Bill Number: S.333

Sponsor: Sen. Cornyn, John

Summary: A new bill introduced by Sens. John Cornyn, R-Texas, Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., and Ted Cruz, R-Texas, would push the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to work with the National Cybersecurity Preparedness Consortium, an association of university-based training organizations, to improve cybersecurity training for state and local governments.

Strengths: by providing training to state and local responders and officials specifically will make the Homeland Security Department more powerful against digital attacks. Provide technical assistance services to support the response to Cyber Security risk and attacks including threats of terrorism and acts of terrorism. Help States and communities develop cybersecurity information sharing programs that will make people more knowledgeable about cybersecurity risks.

Weaknesses: one of the weaknesses is that the training will be expensive and not many people will be interested. Firewalls can be very hard to configure correctly.